Linked Learning meets LinkedUp: Learning and Education with the Web of Data

– collocated with ISWC2014, October, Riva del Garda, Italy –

sponsored by LinkedUp_farbe

=> objectives
=> format & audience
=> previous editions
=> dates & submission
=> programme
=> proceedings
=> programme commitee
=> organisers


Building on the previous editions and its growing community, this workshop will provide a forum to discuss approaches making use of Web Data and related technologies, especially Linked Data, for teaching, learning and education. Distance teaching and openly available educational resources on the Web are becoming common practices with public higher education institutions as well as private training organisations realising the benefits of online resources. However, while research in educational technologies has been focusing on solving interoperability issues by creating a variety of metadata formats and environments for the exchange of educational resources, this has led to a very fragmented landscape of Web standards and approaches. Consequently, it is not only the case that interoperability between repositories of educational resources remains a challenge, but also that educational Web resources remain underexploited, as their connection, reuse and repurposing are barely supported by such technologies.

In the meantime, the Semantic Web has redefined itself throughout the last years as a Web of Linked Data. That was achieved by establishing principles that support sharing of large datasets on the Web together with a technology stack – fundamentally based on the use of URIs, RDF, and SPARQL – aimed at facilitating these principles. The huge success and widespread adoption of the Linked Data approach has led to the availability of vast amounts of public data such as DBpedia, WordNet RDF or the data.gov.uk initiative, ranging from domain-specific expert vocabularies to, for instance, data about cultural heritage (e.g., the Europeana dataset), which has the potential to fundamentally aid and transform the production, delivery and consumption of educational services and content. More recently, these approaches started to get adopted by education institutions, with Linked Data technologies being used to expose public information regarding course offerings, open educational resources and educational facilities in a readily accessible and reusable way. This has led to the creation of an embryonic “Web of Educational Data” including institutions such as the Open University (UK) or the National Research Council (Italy), as well as Linked Data about publicly available educational resources, such as the mEducator – Linked Educational Resources. Initiatives such as LinkedEducation.org, LinkedUniversities.org and LinkedUp, all being inspired and driven by the initial Linked Learning community and efforts, have provided first efforts to bring together people and works in this area.

While the very nature of the Linked Data approach thus clearly offers promising solutions that can potentially transform education, adoption and take-up is still hindered by issues which are both technical as well interdisciplinary. Building on the success of Linked Learning editions (2011-2013), LILE2014 aims at addressing such challenges by providing a forum for researchers and practitioners who make innovative use of Linked Data for educational purposes, and to discuss, exchange and disseminate their work.



The workshop aims to be a highly interactive research forum for exploring the promises of the Web of Linked Data in the broad area of learning by gathering researchers from the areas of the Semantic Web, Social Web, Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL), and Education. We will welcome high-quality papers about actual trends in (a) how education takes advantage of the Web of Data, especially through Linked Data technologies and (b) how Linked Data principles are being applied in educational contexts. We will seek application-oriented, as well as more theoretical papers and position papers in the following, non-exhaustive list of topics:

  • Linked data for informal learning and Web-based education
  • Using the Web of Data for personalisation and context-awareness in E-Learning
  • Usability and advanced user interfaces in learning environments and linked data
  • Light-weight educational metadata schemas
  • Exposing learning objects to the Web of Data
  • Semantic & syntactic mappings between educational metadata schemas
  • Controlled vocabularies, ontologies and terminologies for E-Learning
  • Schema.org and LRMI for annotating educational related Websites
  • Learning flows and designs with Semantic Web technologies
  • Linked data in learning analytics and educational data mining
  • Visual analytics of educational data
  • Linked data in organizational learning and learning organizations
  • Linked data for harmonizing individual learning goals and organizational objectives
  • Competency management with linked data
  • Collaborative learning on the Web of Data
  • Linked-data enhanced social learning



The annual Linked Learning workshop series was established 4 years ago and has gathered a significant and constantly growing community since its first edition, proving the high relevance and timeliness of the workshop scope: use of Linked Data in educational scenarios. The first edition (Linked Learning 2011) was held together with the 8th Extended Semantic Web Conference, ESWC2011in Heraklion, Crete in May 2011, while the second edition was collocated with WWW2012 in Lyon and the LILE2013 with WWW2013 in Rio de Janeiro. All three previous editions of LILE/Linked Learning featured an interactive mix of keynotes, paper sessions (10-13 accepted high-quality papers per workshop) and panel discussions and were among the best attended workshops of their respective conferences, bringing together key players in the field of Linked Data, Semantic Web, Knowledge-based Systems and education. All previous workshops were very successful, outstandingly well attended and highly productive as well as engaging; the success and establishment of a growing “Linked Learning” community has been proven by several related follow-up activities which emerged out of the workshop series: outstanding papers from the workshop were selected to be published in specific post-proceedings (in addition to the general workshop proceedings), and extended versions of some of the workshop papers were invited to submit to a special issue of Interactive Learning Environments dedicated to the workshop theme which is guest-edited by the workshop chairs. In addition, the community platforms http://linkededucation.org and http://linkeduniversities.org evolved partially out of the workshop as a means to share and disseminate related work in the area of Linked Data for Education. This year’s LILE workshop will be organized in cooperation with LinkedUp, an FP7 Support Action that seeks to explore and exploit open and linked data for education and is not only highly related to LILE but also emerged out of activities driven by the workshop chairs. The LinkedUp project organises the Vici Competition, the final edition of a series of three consecutive open competitions that ask for innovative and robust tools that analyse and/or integrate open web data for educational purposes. The selected entries of the second competition, Vidi, will present their work at ESWC 2014. The presentations and award ceremony of the first competition was held at the OKCon 2013 in Geneva, Switzerland and the extended versions of the selected entries have been published in open-access proceedings.



We target a public full day workshop and expect between 30 and 40 participants and approximately 15 paper presentations (incl. LinkedUp Vici presentations) and 5-10 posters and system demonstrations. The intended audience consists of researchers and practitioners from both the general area of TEL and the semantic technologies field, but also takes into account related areas such as Web science, social learning, multimedia or context-awareness. We also intend to invite representatives from highly related (past, current and future) projects and initiatives such as: LinkedUp (http://www.linkedup-project.eu), VIVO (http://vivoweb.org/), Learning Resource Metadata Initiative, LRMI (http://www.lrmi.net/), Mature IP (http://mature-ip.eu/), SOLAR (http://solaresearch.org), Commonwealth of Learning (http://www.col.org), or Open Discovery Space (http://opendiscoveryspace.eu/) which are already well-represented in the workshop committees. The schedule is designed to stimulate a highly interactive event by leaving significant time for discussions:



  • 09:00 – 09:05: Welcome and intro
  • 09:05 – 10:00: Keynote
  • 10:00 – 10:30: 1st paper session

    • Ben De Meester, Hajar Ghaem Sigarchian, Tom De Nies, Anastasia Dimou, Wesley De Neve, Erik Mannens and Rik Van de Walle. Creating Discoverable Learning Content Using a User-Friendly Authoring Environment (short paper)
    • Abdulaziz Aldaej and Paul Krause. An Enhanced Approach to Semantic Markup of VLEs Content Based on Schema.org (short paper)
  • 10:30 – 11:00: Coffee
  • 11:00 – 12:30: LILE paper presentations
    • Dietmar Glachs, Violeta Damjanovic, Felix Strohmeier and Sergio Fernández. EAGLE – Local Government Learning Platform (Short paper)
    • Dong Liu, Eleni Mikroyannidi and Robert Lee. Semantic Web Technologies Supporting the BBC Knowledge & Learning Beta Online Pages
    • Antonio J. Roa-Valverde. Combining Gamification, Crowdsourcing and Semantics for Leveraging Linguistic Open Data
    • Dmitry Mouromtsev, Fedor Kozlov, Liubov Kovriguina and Olga Parkhimovich. A Combined Method for E-Learning Ontology Population based on NLP and User Activity Analysis
  • 12:30 – 14:00: Lunch
  • 14:00 – 15:30: LinkedUp Vici presentations
    • Bernardo Pereira Nunes, Luiz Guilherme A. Roland, Clara S. Ishikawa, Angela de Araújo and Gilda Helena Bernardino De Campos. ISCOOL – A serious game powered by Semantic Web technologies
    • Ricardo Kawase, Patrick Siehndel and Ujwal Gadiraju. Visualizing Research Works in the Water Resources Industry
    • Fabrizio Celli and Johannes Keizer. AGRIS: the hub for agricultural research
    • Ricardo Alonso Maturana, Ana Moreno, María Elena Alvarado and Susana Lopez. Didactalia: Building and Taking Advantage of Large Educational Knowledge Graph to Improve and Accelerate the Teaching-Learning Process
    • Shaoqun Wu, Alannah Fitzgerald and Ian Witten. FLAX: Flexible Language Acquisition with Linked and Open Data-Driven Learning
    • Michael Howe. GroupMOOC
  • 15:30 – 16:00: Coffee
  • 16:00 – 17:30: LinkedUp Vici presentations
    • Navino Evans and Sean McBirnie. Histropedia – The Timeline of Everything
    • José Luis Redondo-García, Mariella Sabatino, Pasquale Lisena and Raphaël Troncy. HyperTED: Exploring TED talks at the fragment level
    • Jaspreet Singh, Zeon Trevor Fernando and Saniya Chawla. LearnWeb-OER: Improving Accessibility of Open Educational Resources
    • Laurens De Vocht and Selver Softic. ResXplorer
  • 17:30 – 18:00 Wrap-up and Closing



The LILE2014 proceedings are published as CEUR-WS Vol. 1254.



The workshop will accept poster or demonstration abstracts (max. 2 pages), short position papers (max. 6 pages) and longer technical papers not exceeding 15 pages. Papers should follow the LNCS proceedings style. Each submission will be reviewed by at least 3 members of the PC. Accepted papers will be published in the workshop proceedings as a volume of CEUR-WS. Selected papers will be invited to submit extended versions to a special issue of Journal on Data Semantics (JoDS). Please submit your papers via Easychair using the following link https://www.easychair.org/conferences/?conf=lile2014.

The important dates are as follows.

  • Submission date: 7 July, 2014
  • Author notifications: July 30, 2014
  • Camera-ready papers: August 20, 2014.
  • LILE2014 will be held on October 19-20, 2014.



The program committee consists of well-recognised experts (from both academia and industry) in the areas of semantic technologies, Linked Data and TEL.

  • Sören Auer, University of Leipzig, Germany
  • Ebrahim Bagheri, Ryerson University, Canada
  • Charalampos Bratsas, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Mari Carmen Suárez-Figueroa, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain
  • Marco Antonio Casanova, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Philippe Cudré-Mauroux, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Gianluca Demartini, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Hendrik Drachsler, Open University of the Netherlands, The Netherlands
  • Vania Dimitrova, University of Leeds, UK
  • John Domingue, The Open University, UK
  • Nikolas Dovrolis, Democritus University of Thrace, Greece
  • Hannes Ebner, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
  • Besnik Fetahu, L3S Research Center, Germany
  • Fabrizio Giorgini, Lattanzio Learning
  • Christophe Guéret, DANS, Netherlands
  • Jelena Jovanovic, University of Belgrade, Serbia
  • Ricardo Kawase, L3S Research Center, Germany
  • Carsten Keßler, University of Münster, Germany
  • Ivana Marenzi, L3S Research Center, Germany
  • Dmitry Mouromtsev, ITMO University, Russia
  • Lyndon Nixon, Semantic Technologies Institute, Austria
  • Abelardo Pardo, University of Sydney, Australia
  • Elisabetta Parodi, Lattanzio Learning; Italy
  • Bernardo Pereira Nunes, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Madi Solomon, Pearson Education, UK
  • Davide Taibi, Institute for Educational Technologies, Italian National Research Council, Italy
  • Dhavalkumar Thakker, University of Leeds, UK
  • Thanassis Tiropanis, University of Southampton, UK
  • Amal Zouaq, Royal Military College of Canada, Canada



  • wilbertWilbert Kraan joined Cetis in 2002 as the Cetis Journalist. From there, he entered specification development work, starting with IMS where he became the chair of the Content Packaging 1.2 group. That specification is now an ISO standard. Wilbert has also worked on software architectures, first in an international partnership. Later, he moved into Enterprise Architecture modelling, and was instrumental in introducing the ArchiMate Modelling language to the UK higher education sector. More recently, Wilbert has championed the IMS Question and Test Interoperability 2.1 specification. Wilbert has also worked in a number of data integration projects and specifications.
  • Idealism and Pragmatism in Linked Educational Data – The semantic web as well as linked open data have been well established visions for information technology in education, just as they have been in other domains. Reality, however, has tended to lag behind the vision, with both legacy relational databases and newer no-sql technologies proving tenacious in a variety of niches that suit them well. A range of educational applications –from learning analytics, via course, learning resource and subject description to modelling learning itself–, however, shows that there are also niches where linked open data technologies are the pragmatic choice. This suggests a thriving, varied ecosystem of data technologies, but wither the vision?



StefanDietzeSTEFAN DIETZE (http://purl.org/dietze) (main contact) Dr. Stefan Dietze is a Research Group Leader at the L3S Research Center (Germany). His research interests are in Semantic Web and Linked Data technologies and their application to Web data integration problems. Stefan currently is coordinator of the European R&D projects LinkedUp (http://linkedup-project.eu) and DURAARK (http://duraark.eu). His work has been published in major conferences and journals and he is member of many organisation and programme committees and editorial boards. He is also co-founder of the LinkedEducation.org and LinkedUniversities.org platforms and the Linked Learning workshop series, which were among the first efforts concerned with the application of Linked Data in the field of learning and education.

MathieuDaquinMATHIEU D’AQUIN (http://people.kmi.open.ac.uk/mathieu) Mathieu d’Aquin is a research fellow at the Knowledge Media Institute of The Open University, and his research activities focus on the Semantic Web, and especially on methods and tools to build intelligent applications exploiting online knowledge. More recently, he has been working on applications producing and consuming linked data, especially for education and research (for instance, data.open.ac.uk). Mathieu has published many papers in major conferences and journals in the Semantic Web area and has been involved in the organisation of events such as the IWOD series of workshops (http://ontologydynamics.org) and the SSSW summer school (http://sssw.org).

EelcoHerderEELCO HERDER (http://www.l3s.de/~herder/)is a Senior Researcher at the L3S Research Center. His research areas include Web personalization, user modeling, usability and HCI in general. Other research topics include Web usage analysis and the development of tools for Personal Information Management. He is board member of User Modeling Inc. and serves as the chair of the German SIG on Adaptive Systems and Interactive Systems ABIS. He organized several workshops at UMAP, ESWC and IUI. Eelco is program chair for Hypertext 2014 and was member of the organization committees for UMAP 2013, 2012, 2011, CHI 2012 and Adaptive Hypermedia 2008. 

gasevicDRAGAN GASEVIC (http://dgasevic.athabascau.ca) is a Canada Research Chair in Semantic and Learning Technologies and an Associate Professor in the School of Computing and Information Systems at Athabasca University. He is also President Elect of the Society for Learning Analytics Reseach, an Adjunct Professor in the School of Interactive Arts and Technology at Simon Fraser University, an Adjunct Associate Professor in Learning and Teaching Unit at the University of South Australia, and IBM CAS Faculty Fellow, and an associated research member of the GOOD OLD AI Research Network at the University of Belgrade. Dragan had a pleasure to serve as a founding program co-chair of the International Conference on Learning Analytics & Knowledge in 2011 and 2012. Currently serving as a founding editor of the Journal of Learning Analytics and a program co-chair of the Learning Analytics Summer Institute, Dragan is (co-)author of numerous research papers and books.


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